Skin ageing is caused by two main processes which are either internal or external factors. Internal factors are genetic, hormonal and natural ageing due to time itself. External factors are the things that you have a higher deal of control over. External factors causing ageing of skin include exposure to sun and wind, smoking, excessive alcohol intake and a bad diet. Things that characterize ageing skin fall into three categories.
Skin Pigment and Blood Vessels
Localised discolouration of skin pigment is
characterized by small brown marks or spots
(medically known as lentigines) which often first
appear on the back of the hands, chest or on the
Find out more about Brown Spots
More generalized increased pigmentation is called hyperpigmentation and is also a feature of ageing skin. It is characterized by increased pigmentation most commonly on the face but also the chest. Fortunately hyperpigmentation usually responds very well to treatment using pulsed light and/or laser treatment.
Find out more about Pigmentation
Ageing skin may also be characterized by redness and flushing which is often present in the veins and capillaries of the face. Vascular lasers are usually the most effective method of treatment.
Wrinkles and Skin Texture
Ageing in the form of wrinkles and skin texture is
one of the most common signs of ageing. It is often
first prevalent around the eyes and the mouth.
Treating such lines can be done using muscle
relaxant injections. These are known to be
particularly effective around the forehead and the
Find out more about Wrinkle Treatments
These fine lines are also treated using laser treatment. Treating such lines can sometimes be done using non-ablative lasers where a beam of light is used to stimulate the formation of new collagen in the skin without causing any harm to the surface layer. This is called photorejuvenation.
Find out more about Photorejuvenation
As skin ages there is a progressive wearing out of the collagen, hyaluronic acid and elastin components of the skin which normally function to support the structure and volume of the skin. As a consequence a sign of further skin ageing is the formation of deeper lines and creases especially in the brow, the corners of the mouth and the lips and a loss of volume in the cheek and mid-face area. These problems can be treated very effectively non-surgically by using dermal fillers. Dermal fillers are not only effective around the mouth and nose but also in the cheeks where they can be used to restore lost volume.
With dysplasia, skin cells are damaged to such an extent that the changes can lead to skin cancer. To help prevent this, and treat early sun damaged skin (solar keratosis) a very effective option that can be used is photodynamic therapy. Photodynamic treatment (PDT) involves using a special cream followed by laser treatment. This can treat sun-damaged skin before it has a chance to progress towards skin cancer.
Find out more about Photodynamic Therapy Sun Damaged Skin