Many patients are concerned about redness of the skin on the face and neck caused by excessive superficial blood vessels. This redness may be in the form of discrete blood vessels or a diffuse redness or a combination of both. Medical grade vascular lasers can significantly reduce these unsightly blood vessels and improve facial redness.
Facial redness can occur due to small, discrete, red blood vessels called Telangiectasia, these are more commonly referred to as broken capillaries. If a number of blood vessels gather together in a cluster it is called a Spider Angioma. When there is diffuse redness it is termed Erythema, and the term Rosacea is usually reserved for a particular chronic skin condition. A particular type of Rosacea occurs in combination with acne and this is termed Acne Rosacea. Another relatively common condition is redness on the sun exposed area of the neck and upper chest called Poikiloderma.
Facial redness due to increased blood vessels needs to be distinguished from flushing which is a sudden reddening of the face, neck or upper chest due to blood vessels opening up (vasodilation). Flushing can be a normal physiological body response to such things as being embarrassed or angry, high fever, intense exertion or menopause, but can also occur with certain medical conditions and medications. Assessment in a medical laser clinic can help identify if flushing is a factor in a patient’s facial redness.
Whatever the cause of facial redness, any situation that results in an increased body temperature will result in increased facial redness as the body dissipates heat through the facial skin. Common situations that raise the body temperature and will make facial redness more obvious are extreme heat, hot showers, saunas, intense exertion, hot spicy foods and alcohol.
The other consideration is to avoid things that cause skin inflammation such as excess sun, wind and cold and any skincare products that cause redness or stinging.
The treatment of choice for removing unwanted blood vessels is with medical grade vascular lasers. There is no one vascular laser that will be the best choice for all situations. For background redness a larger beam size laser such as the VBeam or ExcelV is very effective, whereas for discrete capillaries a smaller beam from a Diode laser may be the simplest option. The wavelength of the laser beam can be critical with bright fine, red blood vessels responding better to 532nm and 585nm wavelength lasers and thicker, darker red and blue blood vessels responding better to 1064nm wavelength lasers. Treatment at a medical laser clinic that has a range of laser options will result in providing patients the best chance of a safe and effective treatment for facial redness.
It must be appreciated that not all lasers are the same and not all laser practitioners are the same. The best option for achieving a safe and effective result in treating facial redness is to have laser treatment in a medical clinic setting, using medical grade laser equipment and performed by experienced University trained laser practitioners.